A well-balanced diet is essential for you and your baby, both before and during your pregnancy. It is advisable to attain a normal weight before conceiving, as being either underweight or overweight can carry considerable risks.
A body mass index (BMI) less than 19 or greater than 35 can impact the time to conception significantly. ASRM Weight and Fertility
can cause considerable detrimental effects on fertility such as diminished egg quality and sperm quality, increased risk for miscarriage and several pregnancy related complications. Tobacco use is not advisable if you are pregnant or trying to become pregnant. ASRM Smoking and Fertility
and its effect on fertility are not well defined. It is well-documented that high consumption of alcohol can cause fetal defects such as small head size, low birth weight, facial malformations, developmental delays, and conditions such as Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS). Currently, there has been no "safe" limit of alcohol established, so the general recommendation is to avoid its use in pregnancy.
in high quantities can affect fertility. Studies have also shown that high quantities of caffeine can be associated with miscarriage. Generally, 1-2 cups (8oz each) of brewed coffee is considered permissible. Tea and soda typically have less caffeine than coffee.
and other recreational drugs may have an impact on fertility as they can affect egg quality and sperm quality. Illicit drug use can also pose harmful effects to the developing fetus. It is recommended to avoid the use of illicit drugs before and during a pregnancy. Misuse of prescription narcotics can have similar effects.
THC and pregnancy
should be discussed with your prescribing provider prior to pregnancy. Certain medications may have risks associated with pregnancy and/or birth defects. Some medications may need dosage adjustments or conversion to alternatives prior to or during pregnancy.